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Plastic Bag Ban
On Wednesday 26 June 2013 the
outgoing mayor of Los Angeles, Antonio Villaraigosa signed
into law an ordinance that ban the use of single-use plastic
bags in Los Angeles.
The ban will take effect 1 January
2014 for stores that gross more than $2 million a year or
are housed in more than 10,000 square feet.
Six Months later (1 July 2014) it goes into effect
for smaller stores such as liquor stores and independent
markets that carry limited groceries but have staples such
as milk and bread.
An exception to the ban is the Women, Infants and
Customers will be required to
provide their own re-usable bags when they visit stores, or
pay 10 cents each for paper bags.
Stores are allowed to charge 10 cents for recyclable
Stores will be required to file quarterly reports on the
number of paper bags given out, how much money the store
receives for those bags and efforts to promote reusable
To justify their push for the ban
Activists said a plastic bag ban will lead to cleaner
beaches, storm drains, rivers and other public spaces that
tend to become the final resting places for the
non-biodegradable bags. It
would also save the $2 million that the city spend each year
to clean up plastic bag litter.
businesses will be impacted in several ways.
Stores face fines of up to $500 for defying the ban
and handing out single-use bags.
Jobs will be lost by small businesses engaged in the
manufacturing, and sale of plastic bags.
Also, a ban is seen as a
tax on grocers because paper bags cost about 10 cents each,
compared with 3 cents per plastic bag.
This could negatively impact their sales.
the United States International Trade Commission reported
that 102 billion plastic bags are used annually in the
United States alone.
bags are made of vegetable-based bioplastics which can decay
organically and prevent a build-up of toxic plastic bags in
landfills and the natural environment.
ban was being considered by the California legislature but
failed by three votes.
One of the members voting against the measure claimed
that the bill would cost her district to lose 500 jobs as a
result of the ban.
currently have a ban include San Francisco, Solana Beach,
Santa Monica and Portland.
Cities that are considering a ban include Sacramento,
Chicago and Dallas are considering bans.
Attempt to ban plastic bags is growing throughout the
Retail Merchants Association